Wednesday, June 22, 2016

Fort Necessity Hosts Elnu Abenaki Tribe

Normand George M’Sadoques holding a Wampum Belt Credit: National Park Service

The National Park Service will host members of the Elnu Abenaki Tribe and artists from the Vermont Abenaki Artists Association during a weekend of cultural heritage programs at Fort Necessity National Battlefield on Saturday and Sunday, July 2 and 3 from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.  A welcoming ceremony will be held each day at 9:30 a.m.

The Abenaki fought with the French against George Washington at the Battle of Fort Necessity.  Living History interpreters will be dressed in Abenaki clothing of the French and Indian War period and will speak to visitors about the history, dress and culture of the Abenaki Tribe.

Traditional Abenaki artists will demonstrate arts such as how to make twine bags, ash baskets, and wampum belts.  Some of their work will be available for purchase.

 Visitors can get a sense of Abenaki heritage through the traditional storytelling of Willow Greene.  Contemporary artist Lina Longtoe will share Abenaki heritage through her films “Speaking to the Ancestors” and “The Dawn of the Abenaki”, that she produced.  The storytellers will be available for questions and answers after each presentation.  Lina strives to record Abenaki culture and traditions that are endangered with the passing of each elder.  She has served as the Elnu Abenaki Tribal Documentarian since she was a teenager.

 A special exhibition, Parley & Protocol: Abenaki Diplomacy, Past & Present, has been developed for Fort Necessity National Battlefield by Vera Longtoe Sheehan, Director of the Vermont Abenaki Artists Association.  “The theme of Parley and Protocol was inspired by historic political interactions between the Abenaki and their neighbors, the etiquette and procedures that were involved in treaty making.”  

The exhibit includes explanations of wampum use and wampum belts base inspired by historic belts as well as the recent official recognition of the Abenaki Tribe.  Recreated clothing and other articles like those used in the mid-eighteenth century as well as articles created for present day ceremonial and diplomatic occasions.  The exhibit will remain on display through mid-March of 2017.

Park Superintendent Stephen Clark invites visitors to come and learn about Abenaki heritage and their contributions to our national culture.  “The event and exhibit represent wider tribal involvement, in the French and Indian War.  What was started here at Fort Necessity spread to a global conflict that greatly influenced American history, including indigenous Americans.”

The Abenaki Cultural Heritage Weekend is a part of the National Park Service’s biennial series of special programs highlighting the role of American Indians involvement in the French and Indian War.  In 2010 the Park worked in cooperation with the Little Traverse Bay Band of the Odawa, in 2012 partnered with the Museum of the Cherokee and in 2014 hosted the Seneca Nation of Indians.

In addition to the special programs described Park visitors will also be able to tour the Mount Washington Tavern. Park staff portraying French and Indian War soldiers will be stationed at Fort Necessity. The soldiers will present Battle Anniversary talks at 11:00 a.m., 1:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m. both days.  The programs on Sunday, the 262nd anniversary of the battle, will include the reading of the names of the fallen.  All soldier programs will be followed by a demonstration of eighteenth century black powder weapons. 

There are no additional fees for presentations and demonstrations.  Visitors must pay the regular park entrance fee of $5 for adults.  Children 15 and under are admitted free.  Free parking is available on-site.  Visitors are encouraged to arrive at least 30 minutes before the first program they wish to see.  Staff recommends visitors wear good walking shoes.  There will be no rain date in case of inclement weather.  For more information, schedules and directions visit

About the Elnu Abenaki Tribe

Elnu is an Abenaki Tribe based in Southern Vermont.  We work to continue our cultural heritage though historical research, lectures and school programs, oral story-telling, singing, dancing and traditional craft making.  Our main focus is insuring that our traditions carry on to our children.  We limit ourselves in inter-tribal politics; however we will not be forgotten.  We are traditionalists trying to maintain our culture in a modern society.  Learning from the past creates a better future for all. For more information about visit

About the Vermont Abenaki Artists Association (VAAA)

Our mission is to promote Vermont's Indigenous arts and artists, to provide an organized central place to share creative ideas and professional development as entrepreneurs, and to have a method for the public to find and engage our artists. For more information about VAAA please visit or follow us on Facebook or Twitter.

About Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Fort Necessity National Battlefield protects the site of the opening battle of the French & Indian War (1754-1763). On July 3, 1754, a young George Washington commanding British provincial and regular troops was defeat by the French and their Native allies. It was Washington's first defeat and only military surrender. The event set off a global war which ended with British victory and set the stage for the American Revolution.

Normand George M’Sadoques Credit: NPS

About Normand George M’Sadoques
Normand George M’Sadoques is Abenaki, of the Reserve Odanak, Quebec, Canada and Elnu Abenakis of Southern Vermont.  His last name M’Sadoques translates to Big River Person (Gordon Day).  Norm has actively researched Wabanaki (People of the Dawn) heritage since 1990.  He is a Native Interpreter portraying 18th Century Abenaki since 1990.   His main focus is on the French and Indian War. He is a member of Eastern Woodland Alliance (18th Century Native re-enactment group), Compagnie LeBeouf (F&I re-enactment group) and French Creek Living History Association.

Norm reproduces 18th Century material culture: Twined bags, Gourd containers, Canoe paddle decoration and Wampum Belts. And is also an accomplished Wabanaki Singer & Drummer.

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